Stockholm Convention Overview

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that are characterised by their ability to remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of humans and wildlife, and have harmful impacts on human health or on the environment.

The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Stockholm Convention) entered into force on 17th May, 2004 with the aim of protecting human health and the environment from POPs by requiring parties to take measures to eliminate or reduce the release of 12 initial POPs into the environment. As of January 2021, there are 184 Parties to the Convention, inclusive of 14 Caribbean countries.

Map of Caribbean Parties to the Stockholm Convention


Through amendments to the Convention and additions to its original listing of 12 controlled POPs, Parties are now required to take measures to eliminate the production and use of 26 pesticides and industrial chemicals listed under Annex A, to restrict the production and use of 2 POPs chemicals included in Annex B and to reduce the unintentional releases of 7 chemicals listed under Annex C. As the effects of recently synthesised chemicals become more prevalent, Parties may propose the addition of new POPs to the Annexes of the Convention.

Text of the Stockholm Convention

The text of the Stockholm Convention was adopted on 22 May 2001 and entered into force on 17 May 2004.

Since the adoption of the Convention, the Conference of the Parties has adopted a series of decisions to amend Annexes A, B and C to the Convention to list additional POPs.

Stop The POPs Awareness Raising Campaign

A regional public awareness and public education toolkit on POPs was developed by the BCRC-Caribbean under the project “Development and Implementation of a Sustainable Management Mechanism for POPs in the Caribbean”.

Country Contacts

Countries designate national focal points and official contact points to oversee the national implementation of the Convention and for the exchange of information relevant to the implementation of the Convention as provided for in Article 9.